The Netherlands is expected to permanently close the huge Groningen natural gas field, the Dutch Senate announced this week.

Groningen, one of the largest gas fields in Europe, caused earthquakes and damage to local communities for more than 20 years, which created debate among politicians, local residents and gas industry supporters for years about whether to continue Groningen production. 

The Dutch Senate said a ban on extracting gas from the Groningen field would come into force on Oct. 1, at the start of the 2024-2025 gas year.  

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Groningen, a major supplier to Europe, reached a peak production of 88 billion cubic meters in 1976. But...