President Biden on Tuesday increased pressure on Russia with economic sanctions and troop movements in response to escalation on the Ukrainian border.

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It was the latest pushback against the country by western allies of Ukraine after President Vladimir Putin announced he would recognize the sovereignty of two pro-Russian sepratist states along the eastern border and defend them with “peacekeeping” forces.

In a brief speech lasting roughly nine minutes, President Biden called Russia’s actions “the beginning of an invasion of Ukraine,” and laid out the consequences for what he expected to be an “incremental” ramp up to full conflict. Biden said “if Russia goes further with this invasion” the United States and western allies “stand to go further as...