Moderate natural gas and power prices, adequate gas storage inventories and growing natural gas production are all positive signs as colder weather approaches, FERC staff told the Commission Thursday during the Winter 2013-2014 Energy Market Assessment presentation.
"U.S. natural gas production grew 1.6% year-to-date, as shale gas production in the Northeast outpaced declining production from the Gulf Coast and the West," according to the staff report. "Marcellus Shale gas production climbed to almost 12 Bcf/d in August from last year's 7.4 Bcf/d average.
"The Northeast is now the largest producing region in the U.S. Gas production from the Eagle Ford Shale in Texas reached almost 5 Bcf/d in August, up from 3.3 Bcf/d a year ago."
With the exception of localized spikes during periods of high demand, natural gas prices aren't expected to increase significantly this winter, according to the report. Futures prices for gas and power are "generally comparable to last year's low prices," FERC staff said.
"The exception is New England, where natural gas futures prices are more than $5.00/MMBtu higher than last winter, pushing futures prices at Algonquin Citygates to nearly $12/MMBtu. Reflecting the close relationship between natural gas and electricity prices, winter electricity futures prices in New England increased by 52% from last winter, to $100/MWh."
New England faced fuel supply issues last year and the region's energy market reliability "continues to warrant close attention," though the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) recently accepted ISO-New England and the New England Power Pool Participants Committee's proposed tariff revisions to mitigate such reliability risks, FERC staff said.
A recent study concluded that New England's natural gas infrastructure will be increasingly under pressure from demand growth from the power sector in coming years, with 11 of 14 sub-regions expected to exceed constraint capacity levels on more than 30 days/year under the current infrastructure. The region faces a decade of narrowing physical gas basis prices, with natural gas from the Deep Panuke project offshore Nova Scotia expected to push down Algonquin Gas Transmission's basis to Henry Hub.
The Northeast has become heavily gas-reliant and preliminary estimates call for the Northeast to replace as much as 6.2-9.8 GW of coal-fired capacity with gas by 2015.
A recent FERC quarterly update of various regional efforts to coordinate natural gas and electric markets showed that the New England and Northeast generation markets will continue to be the most gas-dependent during the upcoming heating season.
Early forecasts have painted a picture of a generally mild winter this year. Weather Services International (WSI) recently said it expects temperatures to average cooler than normal from the Northern Plains into the Ohio Valley through the end of the year, with above-normal temperatures elsewhere, particularly across portions of Texas and the Southwest. Forecasters at the Farmers' Almanac, on the other hand, expect the winter will be colder than normal for most of the United States, including New England, a forecast that would have furnaces working overtime in some of the nation's largest population centers.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is expecting a normal winter over the eastern consuming region this year. Based on that forecast, FERC staff "expects that residential and commercial natural gas demand would be comparable to last year, particularly in the Northeast.
"However, there is a high degree of uncertainty associated with this forecast since NOAA's earlier expectation of an El Nino event this winter is on hold. Data that once showed growing signs of an El Nino -- a warming of the water in the Pacific Ocean that generally brings wet winter weather to the south and warmer-than-normal temperatures to the northern tier of the country -- are now becoming more neutral."