NGI Weekly Gas Price Index
A popular mantra in the world of energy is that there’s no better cure for low prices than low prices, and that slogan rang true for the May 18-22 period as cheap natural gas incentivized power burns across the Lower 48, driving up weekly spot gas prices. Despite a generally mild weather pattern over most areas, NGI’s Weekly Spot Gas National Avg. jumped 9.5 cents to $1.615.
Although some of the most picture-perfect weather eventually settled in across the Northeast, markets there led the gains amid a chillier start to the week. Points along the Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line picked up around 15.0 cents on the week, while Algonquin Citygate rose 13.0 cents to average $1.410.
Gains seen throughout the Midcontinent and Midwest held under a dime for the most part, while the reopening of Texas businesses amid the Covid-19 pandemic boosted demand and prices in the state. Houston Ship Channelrose 16.5 cents week/week to average $1.765, though intraweek prices surged to within a nickel of the $2 mark.
Smaller increases were seen on the West Coast, the normally more volatile SoCal Citygate tacked on just 3.5 cents week/week to average $1.815.
The news was firing on all cylinders this week, which led to plenty of volatility for natural gas futures, but ultimately ended with prices not too far removed from where they started the week.
On Monday, word spread throughout the market that Appalachia producer EQT Corp. would curtail 1.4 Bcf/d of production now in order to capture higher prices later this year. With weekend pipeline flow data already reflecting the cut, June Nymex futures rocketed nearly 14 cents higher to $1.783 to start the week.
Tuesday saw some follow-through in the futures market as production declines were also seen in the Haynesville Shale. Meanwhile, weather models also started to hint at a warmer long-range pattern that was seen as a precursor to a hotter-than-normal summer.
By midweek, however, futures started to retreat as Wednesday marked the deadline for July U.S. liquefied natural gas (LNG) cancellations.
“The tone of this week changed drastically from how it began,” said Bespoke Weather Services.
Shipbroker Poten & Partners indicated that 25 U.S. LNG cancellations are expected in July and more than 20 are expected in each month from August to October given the uneconomic spread between the United States and key markets overseas. And with “a little bit of excess supply” seen in the firm’s supply/balances, the firm sees additional cancellations possible.
Adding to the glut, EBW Analytics Group said that Dominion Energy Inc. recently indicated that exports would continue from its Cove Point terminal in Maryland, where news had circulated about a possible maintenance outage. Such an outage would have been “an ideal opportunity to halt exports and help work off an enormous global supply glut,” according to EBW.
“Buyers have canceled 30 U.S. LNG cargoes for June, but most of those shipments were linked to Gulf Coast facilities, where gas prices are determined by Henry Hub. Cove Point sources its gas from relatively cheaper Northeastern markets, providing more substantial netbacks.”
Feed gas volumes being delivered to U.S. terminals already have fallen far from highs set earlier this year. After soaring above 9 Bcf/d in March, deliveries sat Friday at just around 5.5 Bcf/d.
Meanwhile, the latest government storage report was seen as fairly insignificant despite coming in shy of consensus, and prices continued to fall after the data was released on Thursday. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) said that 81 Bcf was injected into storage for the week ending May 15, elevating stocks to nearly 800 Bcf above year-ago levels and about 400 Bcf above the five-year average.
On Friday, futures traders took a breather with little change in the background state. The June Nymex contract settled the day at $1.731, up 2.1 cents from Thursday’s close but off 5.2 cents from Monday.
With so many unknown factors moving forward, and the question of whether storage completely fills likely being unanswered for quite awhile, it is conceivable to think this general price range continues for futures, according to Bespoke.
“If the new round of economic re-openings adds more demand back, we may move higher in the nearer term, but upside risk will have limitations until we can clearly say risk of containment is lowering,” the firm said. “Summer weather should help, although not yet, as the pattern looks tame into the start of June before warming toward mid-month.”
Much like futures, spot gas prices across the country traded both sides of even on Friday, as there is little change in the current weather pattern expected through the Memorial Day weekend.
NatGasWeather forecasts mild temperatures across the northern United States and only slightly cool weather in the Northwest. In fact, only Texas and the Southwest were expected to generate more demand over the next several days, with highs of 80s to 90s portending increased cooling demand, the firm said.
The holiday weekend effect took hold across most markets, with the sharpest declines seen in West Texas, although even those were not extreme. El Paso Permian prices for gas delivered through Tuesday averaged $1.435, down 11.5 cents day/day. Other markets across the Lone Star State shifted around a nickel or so lower on the day.
Similarly, small losses were seen throughout the Midcontinent and Midwest, while some points in Louisiana and the Southeast picked up a couple of cents. Transco Zone 5 spot gas climbed 2.5 cents to average $1.710 for gas delivered over the three-day period.
East Coast markets were up across the region amid relatively strong power burns amid the low gas price environment. Tennessee Zone 4 Marcellus jumped 5.5 cents to $1.160, while farther downstream, Transco Zone 6 non-NY picked up 1.0 cents to $1.285.
On the pipeline front, from Tuesday through Thursday (May 26-28), East Tennessee Pipeline is scheduled to conduct an outage on its Rural Retreat, VA, compressor, restricting capacity through the compressor and the Patriot and Roanoke Laterals.
However, Genscape analyst Josh Garcia noted that the restrictions are far above normal flows and as such were not expected to be impactful. “However, East Tennessee’s interconnect with Transco at Cascade Creek will have to net zero.”
East Tennessee has delivered as much as 150 MMcf/d to Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line (aka Transco) and received as much as 81 MMcf/d from Transco at this interconnect over the last 30 days, according to Genscape. If necessary, East Tennessee can source alternate supply from Tennessee Gas Pipeline, Texas Eastern Transmission or Southern Natural Gas Pipeline Co. much farther upstream, “and Transco has ample means of sourcing alternative supply,” Garcia said.
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