- BREAKING: EIA reports a 98 Bcf injection for the week ending June 21
- Sur de Texas pipeline still held up by CFE
- Weather data shows early signs of cooler weather ahead after coming heat wave
The Sur de Texas marine pipeline continues to be stalled as developers TC Energy Corp. and Infraestructura Energética Nova (IEnova) wait on a certificate of acceptance from anchor customer Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE).
TC and IEonva have said they are in talks with CFE to resolve the issue and said CFE’s decision to pursue international arbitration over contract terms should not impact the state company’s ability to give the go ahead to commercial operation.
The companies finished construction on the $2.5 billion pipeline earlier this month.
“Legally, the arbitration shouldn’t have any impact on CFE issuing the certificate to start operations of the pipeline,” energy expert and former energy regulator Meney de la Peza told NGI’s Mexico GPI. “Still, we don’t know what CFE will choose to do.”
Cenagas, the operator of Mexico’s Sistrangas national pipeline system, has also indicated that it is eager to start injecting gas from the pipeline into the system.
“The Sistrangas has gone months operating at packing levels below the desirable minimum and the southeast of the country has seen important restrictions in gas flow,” de la Peza said. “The marine pipe, in conjunction with the reversal of flow at the Cempoala compressor station, would help, at least partially, to alleviate some of these problems.”
Canada’s Mexico Ambassador Pierre Alarie tweeted his concern on Wednesday afternoon about the direction being taken by the administration of President Andrés Manuel López Obrador.
“I’m deeply concerned about the recent actions” by CFE “and the signal they send that, despite declarations” by López Obrador, “Mexico doesn’t want to respect the pipeline contracts,” he wrote on Twitter.
The 2.6 Bcf/d pipeline is a key release valve for U.S natural gas producers strained by a lack of takeaway capacity.
Nymex July Contract Expires Lower
Meanwhile, U.S. natural gas bulls and bears remained at a stalemate for most of Wednesday, but a hint of cooler weather ahead in the latest weather data was enough to spur some aggressive selling in the last half hour of trading. The July Nymex gas futures contract went on to expire 1.7 cents lower at $2.291, while August contract fell 1.8 cents lower at $2.268.
However, with increasingly warmer weather all but certain for the rest of this week, spot gas prices mostly continued to rise Wednesday outside of the West. Still, day/day changes were small, and the NGI Spot Gas National Avg. rose just one penny to $1.960.
Indeed, as weather outlooks clearly show increasingly warmer weather through at least the middle of next week, forecast signals for July are still mixed, according to EBW Analytics. “While early July weather is coming in reasonably hot, most forecasts still call for temperatures closer to seasonal norms during the remainder of the month.”
Weather data overnight Tuesday had additional hotter changes, this time more strongly in the American ensemble data than in the European ensemble models, according to Bespoke Weather Services. “The changes put the two models closer together in terms of their projection of total demand over the next 15 days.”
The overnight hotter change was seen in both the six- to 10-day and 11- to 15-day period in the eastern half of the United States, including down into parts of the South, according to Bespoke. This places total demand within a few gas-weighted degree days of last year’s levels for the same dates.
“That is still a pace we don’t expect to continue, but the trend toward cooling things back toward normal is slower today,” Bespoke chief meteorologist Brian Lovern said. “We are not seeing extreme heat in any one region, but just broad coverage of above-normal temperatures combined with lack of any notable cool anomalies outside of near the West Coast over the next week or so.”
On the technical front, the next level of support for prices would be $2.10/2.08, and then $2.00/1.95, if the downtrend continues, according to Societe Generale. The $2.50 level remains a critical level of resistance if prices were to meaningfully rally.
From a market positioning perspective, the Commodities Futures Trading Commission’s most recent data indicated the market is twice as short as it was in mid-April and as short as it has been since July 2018, according to Mobius Risk Group.
“Recall that last summer, the speculative community was net short as a result of year/year looseness, which was undeniable but in complete disregard for the impact weather was having on overall balances,” Mobius said. “This worked until low inventory and bullish weather caused a mass exodus from short positions in 4Q2018.”
This year, however, Energy Information Administration (EIA) storage data continues to paint an increasingly bearish picture on the supply front, as inventories have shifted to a more than 200 Bcf year/year surplus and closed the gap on a more than 700 Bcf deficit to the five-year average. The supply outlook is even more bearish considering that the heat wave expected next week is currently forecast to ease considerably after the first week of July.
Although natural gas prices in the spot gas and futures markets were rather dormant midweek, the crude oil market has experienced quite a bit of volatility in recent days. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude rose to a new four-week high on Tuesday after the EIA reported a larger-than-expected withdrawal from stocks, the second draw in as many weeks.
The meaty draw occurred as U.S. demand edged higher, with the four-week average the highest since 2007, according to Kyle Cooper of ION Advisors. “Gasoline and distillate exports both surged, and this contributed to the gasoline and distillate draws. This was a very bullish report overall.”
While the EIA data undoubtedly played a major role in the recent rally, other developments that have occurred over the past week or so could mean the recent surge has some staying power. Prior to last week, the market largely discounted the potential impact of supply disruptions in the Persian Gulf, focusing instead on a long list of bearish market drivers, according to EBW. “Last week’s developments fundamentally changed the picture.”
Two developments were particularly significant, according to EBW. First, the attack on two oil tankers in the Gulf of Oman and President Trump’s threats to launch a retaliatory attack on Iran shattered the market’s complacence regarding the potential for major supply disruptions in the Gulf. Then, immediately on the heels of the assault on the oil tankers, the string of massive crude builds was finally broken.
Other developments were also constructive, and concerns regarding major supply disruptions are likely to persist, according to EBW. This has become evident as Nymex crude held its ground even after President Trump called off potential air strikes against Iran and took a more conciliatory tone, suggesting that the supply disruption premium built into the market last week is not likely to evaporate quickly, and instead is likely to bolster prices on an ongoing basis.
“This is likely to be particularly true over the next 30-60 days, when refinery crude utilization is likely to be at its peak for the year, and a major supply disruption could quickly drive up prices in the physical delivery market to new highs for the year,” EBW said.
NatGas Cash Relatively Steady
Spot gas prices shifted less than a dime in either direction at most pricing hubs across the United States, with most markets increasing a bit as temperatures were set to continue rising, boosting demand.
The only areas of the country that were forecast for below-average temperatures were in the West, where the steep sell-off in cash prices continued. Next-day gas at Malin dropped nearly a dime to average $1.795, while El Paso Bondad slid 14 cents to $1.62.
With such hefty losses in the West, prices in the Permian Basin supply region also took a hit. Waha fell 28 cents to average just 21.5 cents, although deals were seen as low as minus 15 cents.
The negative Permian prices have been a constant reminder of the lack of adequate gas takeaway capacity in the oil-driven basin. And while projects like Kinder Morgan Inc.’s Gulf Coast Express and Permian Highway pipelines will likely provide some relief beginning this year and into 2020, analysts have projected that natural gas take-away capacity from the Permian could become constrained again by 2022.