The Department of Energy (DOE) announced $28 million in federal grants Wednesday to support development of cleaner fossil-fuel electric generation technologies through 14 research projects across 11 states.
Noting that coal, oil and natural gas provide roughly 80% of the nation’s energy, the DOE said it “selected projects [that] will advance technologies that increase the performance, efficiency and availability of existing and new fossil fuel-based power generation; support national goals for the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions; and help facilitate the safe and sustainable use of the nation’s abundant fossil energy resources.”
The funding will come through DOE’s Office of Fossil Energy, and the projects will be managed by the National Energy Technology Laboratory.
The projects include:
Three pilot plants developing advanced coal-based combustion systems using carbon capture technology;
Two standalone oxygen-production technologies for use in coal gasification;
And nine research projects working to improve solid oxide fuel cell technology, which involves converting reformed hydrocarbon fuels directly into electricity.
The projects will all help support DOE’s Advanced Combustion Systems Program to develop “efficient and economically attractive combustion systems that generate electricity with near-zero emissions,” DOE said.