Russia is turning to Turkey as a potential natural gas hub partner with a new sense of urgency to find new export outlets for volumes left stranded by damages to the Nord Stream pipelines in September. 

But any hub would likely face political, financial and supply issues that are compounded by the Kremlin’s war in Ukraine, said Maximilian Hess, a Central Asia fellow at the Foreign Policy Institute. 

Russian President Vladimir Putin and Gazprom PJSC head Alexei Miller met President Recep Tayyip Erdogan in Kazakhstan in October to revive gas hub plans. Erdogan and Miller met again last month in Istanbul. Russia could divert gas planned for the Nord Stream pipeline to the Black Sea, Putin told Erdogan.

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