Royal Dutch/Shell Group on Monday cut its numbers for proven oil and natural gas reserves for the third time in as many months, and announced that Judith Boynton, chief financial officer, stepped aside as a long-awaited report confirmed that some top-level executives knew the company was publicly disclosing inflated reserves for nearly two years.
One former official went as far as to say he was “sick and tired about lying” about reserve numbers. Investors, apprised the reserve change would mean less than 1% difference in net earnings, appeared oblivious to the news as the company’s stock price stayed steady.
A 463-page report by the company’s audit committee, which reviewed 90% of Shell’s proven oil and gas reserves, estimated that 4.35 billion barrels of oil equivalent (boe) that were booked prior to the end of 2002 need to be downgraded, marking a cut of 22% in overall proven reserves. The latest recategorization is 5%, or 200 million boe, more than the previous two restatements (4.15 billion boe combined) that were announced in January and March.
The group, which is 60% owned by Royal Dutch and 40% owned by Shell Transport & Trading, also reported that its proven reserves for 2003 will be reduced by approximately 500 million (boe).
The news of the third reserves restatement was accompanied by the release by the law firm of Davis Polk & Wardwell (DPW) of revealing e-mails and notes exchanged between former Royal Dutch/Shell Chairman Philip Watts and the company’s ex-chief of exploration and production (E&P), Walter van de Vijver. They strongly suggest that the two knew the company’s reserves were inflated for years.
Both men “were alert to the differences between the information concerning reserves that had been transmitted to the public, ‘external,’ and the information known to some members of management, ‘internal,'” concluded a report of DPW, which was hired by the audit committee to carry out an independent probe of the circumstances that led to the reserves’ overstatement.
“Bottom line was that both reserves replacement and production growth were inflated. Aggressive/premature reserves bookings provided the impression of [a] higher growth rate than realistically possible,” the report continued.
In a Nov. 9, 2003 e-mail, van de Vijver told Watts that he was “sick and tired about lying about the extent of our reserves issues and the downward revisions that need to be done because of far too agressive/optimistic bookings.”
Starting in 2001, van de Vijver tried repeatedly to bring the matter to Watt’s attention, the DPW report indicated. “Mr. van de Vijver consistently pressed the position that reserves booked during Sir Philip’s term [as head of E&P] were ‘aggressive’ or ‘premature,’ non-compliant with Shell guidelines for booking and, implicitly, SEC rules,” it said.
The Shell board, after reviewing the findings of the report, concluded that none of the company’s existing top executives bore “material responsibility for the difficulties created by the reserves issue.”
Taking into account the latest restatement, Royal Dutch/Shell estimated that the closing balances for its 2002 and 2003 proved reserves were 15 billion boe and 14.5 billion boe, respectively. This puts the company’s reserve replacement ratio for 2003 at around 60% and its reserve life at the end of 2003 at 10.2 years, according to the company.
It estimates the impact on net earnings will be just over $100 million per year from 2000 through 2003, which the company said amounts to less than 1% of net earnings over the four-year period. This includes the negative impact on earnings of $86 million that was included in the 2003 earnings announced in February, the company said.
The release of the report had little effect on Royal Dutch Petroleum stock Monday, which remained firm at $50 a share. Shell Transport & Trading stock opened below Friday’s close, but continued on an upward trend throughout the day to close at $42.83. However, Standard & Poor’s cut Royal Dutch/Shell’s credit rating to “AA-plus” from its top-tier “AAA,” and indicated that a further reduction may be in store.
Although Shell directors noted the report revealed “disturbing deficiencies” in the company’s past reserves reporting practices, current Chairman Jeroen van der Veer emphasized that “Shell is a sound and profitable group,” and he noted that controls now in place would be “rigorously enforced” to avoid inflated reserve numbers in the future.
Boynton is one of a several executives who have stepped down since the fallout over Royal Dutch/Shell’s reserves began in January. The first casualties were Watts and van de Vijver. Tim Morrison, company controller since mid-2002, will succeed her as acting CFO. Boynton will remain with the company in an advisory capacity reporting to van der Veer.
©Copyright 2004 Intelligence Press Inc. All rights reserved. The preceding news report may not be republished or redistributed, in whole or in part, in any form, without prior written consent of Intelligence Press, Inc.
© 2020 Natural Gas Intelligence. All rights reserved.
ISSN © 1532-1231 | ISSN © 2577-9877 |