Cheniere Energy Inc. has begun measuring greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions at its two Gulf Coast LNG export terminals to demonstrate its progress to export “cleaner” natural gas.
The Houston-based liquefied natural gas exporter has joined the United Nations Environment Programme’s (UNEP) Oil and Gas Methane Partnership (OGMP) 2.0. Cheniere has also initiated the quantify, monitor, report and verify (QMRV) program at the Sabine Pass export facility in Louisiana and Corpus Christi project in South Texas.
The global methane emissions reporting partnership enables Cheniere to build on its emissions monitoring, “so we can continue to provide reliable LNG supplies to the European Union and other international markets to support energy security now and the transition to a lower-carbon future,” Executive Vice President Anatol Feygin said.
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As an OGMP 2.0 member, Cheniere would work toward reporting source-level emissions associated with all operated assets. It also would work to decrease GHG emissions in a set timeframe, according to the OGMP 2.0 framework.
Cheniere’s QMRV program uses multiple tools to measure emissions that include drone, aerial overflights, satellites, as well as on-the-ground optical gas imaging and high-flow sampling. The process also involves analyzing operational and maintenance practices to develop inventories.
According to Cheniere, academic institutions, including the Colorado School of Mines, provide guidance on data collection and independent verification of measurement results.
Overseeing more than 10% of the world’s liquefaction capacity, the LNG giant also noted it has begun issuing its cargo emissions tags to customers. Cheniere began providing the tags last year to help customers quantify GHG emissions associated with each LNG cargo.
Cheniere noted that since the beginning of the year, about 70% of the cargoes have been delivered to Europe, “double the rate exported in 2021,” Vice President of Public Affairs Eben Burnham-Snyder told NGI.
Norway’s Equinor ASA, which moves LNG cargoes overseas and is also an OGMP 2.0 member, said it supports Cheniere’s move.
“The OGMP 2.0 reporting framework is an important tool to establish more accurate and transparent information about methane emissions on a global scale,” said Equinor’s Helge Haugane, senior vice president for gas and power. He added that imports of LNG from the largest U.S. LNG producer are “key to Europe’s energy security.”
Cheniere joined a growing list of 85 companies upon its entry into OGMP 2.0. Initially formed in 2020 by 62 oil and natural gas operators, including BP plc and Shell plc, OGMP 2.0 aims to improve industry transparency in methane emissions reporting and encourage progress to reduce GHG pollution.
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