Physical gas for weekend and Monday delivery both far and wide gave ground in Friday's trading. With the exception of one or two thinly traded points, all locations were in the red.
Producing regions took some hard hits, but uninspired weekend weather patterns left eastern buyers with no compelling reason to load up on three-day packages. Gulf Coast locations were off about a nickel, but Rockies and some California points were down by double digits. Forecasts of generally mild weekend weather prompted declines in the East and Northeast of a nickel or more. At the close of futures trading, September had advanced 8.6 cents to $3.962 and October was up by 8.5 cents to $3.980. September crude oil gained 31 cents to $97.65/bbl.
Dominant high pressure was forecast to envelop the Mid-Atlantic and keep temperatures about in line with seasonal norms. "Plenty of warm sunshine is forecast each day through this weekend around New York City," said AccuWeather.com meteorologist Alex Sosnowski.
"High pressure from the Great Lakes will settle slowly eastward across the Northeast this weekend, [and] the system will bring slightly cooler-than-average air for the middle of August. This time of the year, in the city, typical highs are around 84 F and nighttime lows are around 69 degrees."
To the west "[a] system is forecast to spread some rain and thunder across the Ohio Valley and southern part of the mid-Atlantic this weekend. That rain would only move into and overwhelm the dry air around the New York City area if this system travels farther north than expected. Cool air will stick around the Northeast into next week. Warmer weather relative to normal is forecast for the second half of August," he said on Friday.
Forecaster Wunderground.com predicted that the high Friday in Boston of 82 would ease to 78 by Saturday before making it to 81 on Monday. The seasonal high in Boston is 81. New York City's Friday peak of 83 was expected to reach 87 Saturday before easing to 84 on Monday. The normal high this time of year in New York is 84. In Philadelphia, Friday's high of 82 was seen rising to 87 on Saturday before easing to 84 Monday. The normal early August high in Philadelphia is 83.
Gas for delivery over the weekend and Monday to New York City on Transco Zone 6 fell 4 cents to $2.46, and gas on Tetco M-3 shed 5 cents to $2.38. In Appalachia gas on Columbia TCO eased 3 cents to $3.91, and deliveries to Dominion South shed 8 cents to $2.20.
In New England, quotes also eased. Deliveries to the Algonquin Citygates fell 13 cents to $2.63, and gas on Iroquois Waddington was seen 12 cents lower at $3.60. Gas on Tennessee Zone 6 200 L declined 4 cents to $2.69, and weekend and Monday parcels on Millennium added a penny to $2.27.
Marcellus points also weakened. Gas on Transco Leidy was seen at $2.04, down 16 cents, and deliveries to Tennessee Zone 4 Marcellus shed 5 cents to $1.97.
Midcontinent quotes eased, prompted by weakness in market zones but also by increased production and declining exports to eastern points. "Increased Midcontinent production coupled with weak demand and decreased exports have lowered Midcontinent imports dramatically. At the end of July, Midcontinent production reached a record high of 9.4 Bcf/d, [and] production has slipped slightly since the beginning of August but has stayed strong with an average of 9.0 Bcf/d," said industry consultant Genscape.
"Demand has been flat week over week at 2.3 Bcf/d but has decreased -0.3 Bcf/d from the year-over-year 30-day average of 2.6 Bcf/d. Exports have also seen a substantial drop of -1.0 Bcf/d from an average of 10.3 Bcf/d this month last year to this week's average of 9.3 Bcf/d. The export drop is being driven by flows to the Midwest. The reversal of REX to flow Marcellus gas into the Midwest has coincided with a drop of Midcontinent deliveries to that system of 0.6 Bcf/d year over year. In addition, the northern portions of the Midwest have been taking more gas from Canada via Great Lakes this summer than last. With greater production in the Midcontinent, stagnant demand and lower exports, Midcontinent imports have dropped 1.6 Bcf/d year over year."
Weekend and Monday gas in the Midcontinent fell a dime or more. Gas at the NGPL Midcontinent pool shed 8 cents to $3.80, and deliveries to ANR SW were off by 14 cents to $3.73. Gas on OGT was 9 cents lower at $3.70, and parcels on Panhandle Eastern fell a penny to $3.80.
Analysts see futures making a modest advance over $4. "Although [Thursday's] miss from average street [storage] expectations was bullish as we expected, it amounted to only 2 Bcf and as a result failed to push values to a $4 handle," said Jim Ritterbusch of Ritterbusch and Associates in closing comments Thursday to clients.
"While subsequent price action looked bearish, we still see nearby futures ratcheting upward toward the $4.08 area by next week with any assistance from updates to the short-term temperature views. But for now, forecasts still favor patterns slightly cooler than normal across a broad swath of the U.S., a trend that should keep EIA storage injections elevated through the rest of this month.
"The shortfall against five-year averages has now been cut to around 20%. We look for this shortfall to narrow further in gradual fashion by about 1% per week through the injection cycle with this year's peak supply falling only about 6% below averages. While this expected additional narrowing in the deficit will restrict upside price moves, we don't see it as capable of sustaining price rallies without major help from a sustained hot spell or a huge hurricane event. All in all, we are maintaining a cautious bullish short-term view in anticipation of a small price lift to about the $4.08 area."
Alan Lammey of WeatherBELL Analytics said, "Today is an important 'price pivot' day as a 'close above' $3.95 would set the stage for a further advance in prices up to the $4.05 area or higher, but a close below $3.88 today (the weekly Friday close) indicates a increased chance this week's short retracement rally may be losing steam."
Weather forecasters seem to be having difficulty with the models but are sticking with cooler trends. In its morning 11 to 15-day forecast, Commodity Weather Group admitted to conflicting model interpretations. "Based on trends seen [Thursday] at midday and holding consistent overnight, we strengthen the Midwest cool push next week. More rain risks toward the South offer some cooler changes from Dallas across to the Tennessee Valley, too," said Matt Rogers, president of the firm.
"The East Coast is about the same or cooler overall compared to [Thursday's] outlook. We also make some cooler changes to California for next week as the ridge situation is not as optimized for hotter offshore flow, especially for the South. Despite these cooler shifts, we still see the pattern adjustment in the 11-15 day. Both the American and European ensembles agree to bring above-normal temperatures to the East Coast, but they disagree a bit on the timing and much more so on the Midwest situation. The Euro warms the Midwest (seasonal to above) and the American keeps it cooler (seasonal to below). Based on recent trends, we pulled back cooler for the Central U.S."