Natural gas markets spent most of the week in retreat, as futures traders puzzled over mixed signals in the medium- to long-range forecast and the spot market suffered a let-off in demand following last weekend’s cold temperatures. The NGI Weekly Spot Gas Average fell a dime to $2.99/MMBtu.
Prices moderated in the Northeast this week after last week’s wintry surge. Algonquin Citygate tumbled 85 cents to $3.65, while Iroquois Waddington fell 33 cents to $3.33. Tennessee Zone 6 200L dove $1.44 to $3.63. Further south, Transco Zone 6 New York fell 54 cents to $3.14.
After a rough shoulder season, Appalachian producers have continued to benefit from the onset of winter pricing. Dominion South added 23 cents for the week to average $2.51, while Tetco M-2 30 Receipt jumped 28 cents for the week to $2.54. Columbia Gas gave up 2 cents to $2.96.
In the Midwest and Midcontinent, Chicago Citygate dropped 14 cents to $3.05, while Northern Natural Demarcation fell 16 cents to $2.96.
Elsewhere in the spot market this week, Henry Hub fell 4 cents to $3.08, while Transco Zone 5 dropped 17 cents to average $3.13.
Out west, the import-constrained SoCal Citygate had its ups and downs but ultimately finished the week 11 cents lower at $4.06, in line with other regional prices. In California, soft demand late in the week helped SoCal Citygate avoid a price blowout amid yet another import restriction across the southern border at Otay Mesa.
The soft demand in the California area seemed to weigh on West Texas prices this week, especially out of the Permian Basin. El Paso Permian tumbled 19 cents to $2.56, while Waha dropped 20 cents to $2.61.
In Western Canada, NOVA/AECO had its problems during the week, despite an uptick in eastward flows coinciding with the TransCanada Mainline’s new discounted toll. Prices there tumbled C48 cents to C$2.01/gj. An abundance of supply challenged the forwards markets there as well.
In the futures market, the December contract ended on a high note Friday after some uncertainty in the weather outlook had the bears in control for much of the week. After four falling the previous four trading days, December settled 4.4 cents higher at $3.097 Friday, down from last Friday’s settle of $3.213.
The futures market retreated even as the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reported the first storage withdrawal of the season Thursday; natural gas bulls seemed unimpressed even as the final number came in slightly tighter than market expectations.
EIA reported an 18 Bcf net withdrawal for the week ended Nov. 10. Last year, 34 Bcf was injected, and the five-year average for the period is a build of 12 Bcf.
The bulls struggled to find inspiration in the final number. After trading as high as $3.11 earlier in the morning, the December contract fell following the 10:30 a.m. EDT release, going as low as $3.07 and generally staying within a penny or so of Wednesday's $3.080 settlement. By 11 a.m. EDT, December was trading right nearly even at $3.080.
The market had been looking for a withdrawal of around 14 Bcf, based on the average from a Reuters survey of traders and analysts. Responses to that survey ranged from -23 Bcf to -3 Bcf.
Stephen Smith Energy Associates had projected a withdrawal of 14 Bcf. ION Energy's Kyle Cooper had predicted a 17 Bcf withdrawal, while PointLogic Energy had called for a 6 Bcf withdrawal.
"Again we saw a print that was relatively close to market estimates, though this one was slightly tighter than expected," said Bespoke Weather Services in a note to clients. "The print reflected strong power burns that we observed last week, though those are easing this week as cash falters a bit more.
"We see the print as adding a bit more support for the gap from $2.98-$3 that remains at risk of being filled, though we are now more sensitive to any additional gas-weighted degree day (GWDD) additions, which could keep us from falling quite as far. Still, initial volatility around the print indicates we likely need more long-range GWDDs to break upwards."
The report period featured a blast of cold temperatures that swept through the Midwest and Northeast late in the week and into the weekend, a development that prompted an early-week surge in the December contract and led to broad-based gains in the cash market.
Natural gas markets have pulled back this week, weighed down by moderating demand in the short-term and mixed signals in the weather outlook for late November.
Total working gas in underground storage now stands at 3,772 Bcf versus 4,043 Bcf a year-ago and a five-year average of 3,873. The year-on-five-year deficit grew by 30 Bcf week/week, from -71 Bcf to -101 Bcf, EIA data show.
Every region outside of the South Central reported a withdrawal for the week, led by the East, which reported a -10 Bcf flow.
The Midwest and Mountain regions each withdrew 4 Bcf, while the Pacific withdrew 2 Bcf, according to EIA. The South Central region saw a net injection of 2 Bcf, including 5 Bcf added to salt storage and 3 Bcf withdrawn from nonsalt.
Natural gas futures rebounded Friday on a colder medium-range weather outlook after retreating for most of the week. In the spot market, a cold system that was expected to move in over the weekend wasn't enough to spur buyer interest in locking in three-day deals, and the NGI National Spot Gas Average fell 6 cents to $2.91/MMBtu.
December natural gas broke a four-trading-day losing streak Friday, going as high as $3.127 before settling 4.4 cents higher at $3.097. January settled 3.8 cents higher at $3.191.
Bespoke Weather Services told clients Friday that it's outlook is "not yet bullish despite the recent rally in prices. Since the settle prices have wandered up quite a bit, seemingly supported by the strip as a whole and accordingly we do not see as much of this move being driven by" some colder trends that emerged overnight in the European forecast ensembles.
"What we see here is a similar situation to last weekend in that there is asymmetrical risk before market close; last weekend prices attempted to pull back but weather kept propping them up, whereas this weekend prices kept attempting to rally while weather kept beating them back down," Bespoke said. Traders may be going long heading into the weekend hoping "recent modest tightening gets realized in a re-test of nearby highs.
"Given current weather forecast risks this does not seem an entirely bad idea; forecasts past day 10 are clouded in an incredible amount of noise, and we have seen believable medium-term colder trends today that have us thinking" more gas-weighted degree days could show up in the forecast by Monday.
The underlying fundamentals continue to look bullish for natural gas, according to Tudor, Pickering, Holt & Co. (TPH).
The Energy Information Administration on Thursday reported a "bullish 18 Bcf draw versus normal 13 Bcf injection on roughly normal temperatures," TPH said in a note to clients Friday. "This suggests the market is 3 Bcf/d undersupplied (as was most of the shoulder period) and much better than last week's slight oversupply (15 Bcf injection on similar temperatures).
"We like winter gas with bullish storage levels (currently 3,772 Bcf, more than 100 Bcf below normal and 227 Bcf below year-ago levels) and the market meaningfully undersupplied," TPH said. "A touch of colder than normal temperatures in December should move natural gas prices higher. Weekly storage remains important to calibrate the market."
Bank of America Merrill Lynch Global Research observed in a note that after pushing to a seven-month high last week at $3.20/MMBtu, the prompt-month "quickly capitulated" despite cold weather "as production pushed to new record highs. Interestingly, back-end prices never participated in the rally in the first place. The U.S. natural gas forward curve is unusually flat now, with relentless producer hedging keeping a lid on back-end prices. We continue to believe that underlying fundamentals are painting a far more positive picture than current forward prices imply and see upside to winter and calendar 2018 gas contracts."
November is off to a cold start, Barclays Research analyst Nicholas Potter said in a recent note.
"After two warm winters in a row, November has thus far been a chilly one. Through the first half of November, heating degree days have outpaced last year's by 52%, boosting residential/commercial demand by 34% year/year" and supporting natural gas prices, Potter said.
That boost in demand has shown up in the spot market. Through the first 10 trading days of November, Henry Hub spot prices have averaged $2.99, a significant improvement over comparable periods in 2016 and 2015, when prices averaged $2.26 and $2.05, respectively, Daily GPI historical data show.
Meanwhile, gas for weekend and Monday delivery weakened Friday, with prices in the Midwest and Northeast unable to rally on some cold temperatures in the near-term forecast.
NatGasWeather.com said the first of three distinct cold weather systems on tap through the remainder of November is expected to "sweep into the central and northern U.S. this weekend, reaching the East Sunday. This will bring a surge in national heating demand, with lows of teens to lower 30s across the Great Lakes to the Northeast, aided by a cold front advancing deep into the southern U.S., including Texas, where lows of 30s and 40s are expected."
Out West, weak demand helped SoCal Citygate avoid a major price blowout despite yet another import restriction on its system.
Genscape Inc. reported that Southern California Gas (SoCalGas) was dealing with "an unplanned, indefinite restriction on imports at Otay Mesa along the border with Mexico." SoCalGas attributed the outage to gas quality issues and had not specified an end date, Genscape said in a note to clients Friday.
"Without the ability to import at Otay," where flows have increased recently due to restrictions on other import lines, “SoCal will need to rely more on storage withdrawals; three of its four fields are at their current maximum capacity, but their largest -- Aliso Canyon -- remains restricted," Genscape said.
Without Otay Mesa SoCal would only be able "to meet a maximum system-wide demand of around 2,650 MMcf/d without drawing from storage. Putting that number in perspective, demand has exceeded that level on 57% of days in the past two winters; similarly, demand in the second half of November during those years exceeded 2,650 MMcf/d 55% of the time."
The impact of the additional restriction at SoCal Citygate hardly showed in Friday's spot market (though December forward prices did react); day-ahead prices added just a penny to $3.26. Other prices in California fell, with Malin down 6 cents to $2.79 and SoCal Border Average tumbling 8 cents to $2.88.
"It looks like SoCal is dodging a bullet here," Genscape’s Rick Margolin, senior natural gas analyst, told NGI Friday. "Demand is lurking below the 2.3 Bcf/d mark with mild temperatures, and likely to stay there with the start of the weekend and forecast calling for more mild weather. Last November month-to-date demand averaged 2.43 Bcf/d.
"At the same time, the pressure on in-market generation is being eased due to the return to full operations of transmission lines from the Pacific Northwest and the Pacific Northwest drought ending; the return to service of a pumped hydro storage facility near Visalia; and abnormally strong wind output."
The soft demand for exports to the west seems to have weighed on spot prices in West Texas. El Paso Permian fell sharply for the second day in a row, dropping 18 cents to $2.34. After giving up 13 cents on Thursday, Waha fared a little better Friday, finishing 5 cents lower at $2.52.