Rex W. Tillerson, chairman and CEO of ExxonMobil Corp. for the past decade, is being floated by President-elect Trump as his pick for secretary of state.
As the chief of the largest publicly traded international oil and gas company in the world, Tillerson, 64, is ExxonMobil's top ambassador, well traveled and respected around the globe. The dark horse candidate, who has never held any public office, would be fourth in line to the presidency if he were to become the nation’s leading diplomat.
“He’s much more than a business executive,” Trump said of Tillerson in a television interview over the weekend. “He’s a world-class player.”
Tillerson’s selection would require confirmation by the Senate, and some Republican and Democratic members expressed concern relationship with Russian leader Vladimir Putin. ExxonMobil has key developments underway with state-owned oil companies.
The partnerships with Russia, forged since Tillerson took over, and the producer’s developments in hot spots around the globe -- with friends and foes to the United States -- may cause closer scrutiny of Tillerson than other better known candidates, with policy experience, would have.
Some of Tillerson's views also would appear to be at odds with his future boss. For example, Tillerson, who has worked for ExxonMobil and predecessor companies his entire career, long has advocated that Congress consider enacting a revenue-neutral carbon tax to help limit greenhouse gas emissions. He also believes in climate change.
"I firmly believe it is not too late for Congress to consider a carbon tax as the better policy approach for addressing the risks of climate change," he said in a 2009 speech. "Indeed, there has never been a more opportune time for Congress to pursue this course of action."
Tillerson has made a compelling case over the last 10 years that fossil fuels contribute to climate change. The company now is facing allegations that it misled investors -- before Tillerson took over -- about how its oil and gas operations may impact temperatures.
But he has faced down adversaries in industry and among the shareholders, and he is rarely ruffled. During an arduous annual meeting in May, when shareholders took Tillerson to task for more than two hours regarding climate change policies, he forcefully argued that management lived in the "real world."
There is "no room," he said, between ExxonMobil's stance and that of the United Nations' Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which in 2014 concluded that emissions were at unprecedented levels and urged stringent strategies be undertaken by business.
"Our difference on policy choices are, I think, one that is grounded in reality," he told shareholders last spring. "And the reality is, there is no alternative energy source known on the planet that is available to us today to replace the pervasiveness of fossil fuels in our global economy and in our very quality of life -- and I would go beyond that and say our very survival." The judgment is a "balance between future climatic events, which could prove to be catastrophic -- but are unknown by the IPCC's own acknowledgement -- and more immediate needs of humanity today to address poverty, starvation, broad-based disease control and the quality of life that billions of people are still living in today, which is unacceptable to many of us."
The "only way out of that is to provide them the energy sources we have today," Tillerson told shareholders. "And that's why we continue to believe fossil fuels will have a significant and important role to play for as far as we can see. No government studies disagree with that."
In addition to being the No. 1 natural gas producer in North America and a leading oil producer, ExxonMobil's operations are stretched around the world through the Americas, Europe, Middle East/North Africa, Subsaharan Africa and in the Asia Pacific.
Russia's oil and gas reserves, controlled by the state, have been a big target in the past few years. In 2011 Tillerson helped to forge an agreement with Russia's OAO Rosneft to jointly explore and develop projects in the tight oil fields of Texas and the Gulf of Mexico, as well as in Russia and other countries around the world. The two oil giants also agreed to share technology in the wide-ranging transaction. A year later the partners agreed to develop oil reserves in Western Siberia. .
Although Tillerson has no government experience, Brookings Institution’s Suzanne Maloney, a former ExxonMobil employee, defended the selection.
“Oil folks know stuff: anyone who manages multibillion dollar, multi-decade projects needs deep, nuanced understanding of political context,.” Tillerson climbed to the top of ExxonMobil, which “prizes technical excellence, rock-solid financials, hard work and integrity. State could do a lot worse.”
The Texas native, who was born in Wichita Falls, earned a bachelor of science degree in civil engineering at the University of Texas at Austin (UT). Tillerson joined predecessor Exxon Company U.S.A. in 1975 as a production engineer. He was tapped as general manager of the central production division in 1989, which gave him oversight for oil and gas production operations across a large swath of Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas and Kansas.
In 1992 Tillerson was named production adviser to Exxon Corp. Three years later he was promoted to president of Exxon Yemen Inc. and Esso Exploration and Production Khorat Inc. In early 1998, Tillerson became vice president of Exxon Ventures (CIS) Inc. and president of Exxon Neftegas Ltd. with responsibility for holdings in Russia and the Caspian Sea, as well as the Sakhalin I consortium operations offshore Russia's Sakhalin Island.
In December 1999 Tillerson was promoted to executive vice president of ExxonMobil Development Co. He became senior vice president of ExxonMobil Corp. in August 2001, with responsibility for the exploration and production. His promotion to president of the corporation and member of the board came in March 2004. He then took over as CEO from Lee Raymond on Jan. 1, 2006.
Tillerson is a member of the executive committee and former chairman of the American Petroleum Institute, and he also is a member of the Society of Petroleum Engineers and a trustee of the Center for Strategic and International Studies. He is a member of the National Petroleum Council, Business Roundtable and the Business Council, an honorary trustee of the Business Council for International Understanding, and a member of the Emergency Committee for American Trade. In 2013, he was elected to the National Academy of Engineering.
Tillerson, a former Eagle Scout, is immediate past national president of the Boy Scouts of America. During his tenure and his advocacy, the organization embraced members who identified as gay.
He currently is vice-chairman of the Ford's Theatre Society and is a former director of the United Negro College Fund. Tillerson also is a member of UT’s Chancellor's Council, Development Board and the Engineering Advisory Board, and was named a distinguished alumnus in 2007. In 2011, he received an honorary doctorate engineering degree from the Worcester Polytechnic Institute.
Environmental groups, some of which are behind the #ExxonKnew campaign to uncover the company's "history of climate deception," took Tillerson's nomination as an affront.
"This is unfathomable," said 350.org Executive Director May Boeve. "We can't let Trump put the world's largest oil company in charge of our international climate policy. Tillerson may be a friend of Putin’s, but he’s no friend of the planet. ExxonMobil is still a leading funder of climate denial and is pursuing a business plan that will destroy our future. Tillerson deserves a federal investigation, not federal office.
"We'll be pressuring senators to turn the confirmation process into a hearing on ExxonMobil’s history of climate deception. If Exxon is found guilty of working with other oil companies to deceive the public and their shareholders about the threat of climate change, they could be on the hook for fraud and racketeering charges. It would be the largest corporate scandal in history and could not only stop Tillerson's appointment, but take down the entire company."