Natural gas production in the shale-rich "Other States" category was down 0.5% in April compared with the previous month, and total U.S. production of just over 2.60 Tcf in April pushed the total for the first four months of the year to 10.31 Tcf, a 4.7% increase from the same period in 2013, according to the Energy Information Administration (EIA).
Production first exceeded the 2.60 Tcf mark in December (2.63 Tcf) and was also above 2.60 Tcf in January (2.66 Tcf) and March (2.67 Tcf). Even the lowest production number of the past 15 reports -- 2.38 Tcf in February -- was an increase over the year-ago period (see Daily GPI, May 28).
Gross withdrawals of natural gas in the Lower 48 during the month of April increased by 1.3% compared to the preceding month to 77.52 Bcf/d, according to EIA's latest Natural Gas Monthly report.
Texas had the largest volumetric increase compared to March at 3.8% (0.86 Bcf/d), primarily because of new wells coming online, the agency said. The Federal Gulf of Mexico and Oklahoma also reported gains of 4.9% (0.16 Bcf/d) and 3.1% (0.19 Bcf/d) respectively, mainly because of completed maintenance and new wells. Increases compared with March were also reported in Louisiana (5.52 Bcf/d, compared with 5.50 Bcf/d) and New Mexico (3.66 Bcf/d, compared with 3.62 Bcf/d).
Production in the Other States category was 29.64 Bcf/d in April, down 0.15 Bcf/d compared with March "mainly as a result of maintenance and equipment issues," EIA said, but that was still a whopping 4.85 Bcf/d more than the category produced in April 2013.
The two other categories that reported production declines compared with May -- Wyoming (5.39 Bcf/d, down from 5.54 Bcf/d) and Alaska (9.24 Bcf/d, down from 9.65 Bcf/d) -- were also lower compared with April 2013 production. Wyoming's number slipped "primarily because of a gas plant explosion and shutting-in wells in the Powder River Basin," EIA said.
The Opal, WY, natural gas processing facility and major gas hub was shuttered in April due to an explosion and at one of five cryogenic processing trains (see Shale Daily, April 24). Two of the five trains with combined processing capacity of 395 MMcf/d were back online within a week (see Daily GPI, May 1), and capacity was returned to previous levels of about 1.1 Bcf/d two weeks later (see Daily GPI, May 6).
Shiyang Wang and Christopher Louney, analysts with Barclays Capital Inc., said the EIA's latest Lower 48 production figures are significantly higher than pipeline flow estimates, and they suggested that EIA may significantly revise its data in the future.
"While we expect natural gas production to continue to exhibit significant growth in May, June production will likely see moderate growth due to widespread pipeline and plant maintenances," the analysts said. "We continue to expect 2014 to see accelerated growth y/y compared to 2013, but we highlight upside risks to our estimates."
Winter weather accounted for more than 5 Bcf/d of increased domestic gas demand this past winter, according to Raymond James & Associates Inc. (see Daily GPI, May 27).