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EIA Predicts Supply Shortfall Will Linger Through Winter
The Energy Information Administration said in its September Short Term Energy Outlook it is projecting natural gas prices at the wellhead will increase by about 87% this winter (October-March) compared to last winter. Residential prices for gas are expected to rise on average by 27% compared to last year. For the entire year, the average wellhead price for natural gas is projected to be $3.40/Mcf, the highest annual wellhead price on record (in inflation-adjusted terms, it would be the highest annual average price since 1985).
The short-term supply constraints that are currently hindering the industry's ability to meet storage and power generation demand are likely to continue into the heating season, EIA said. Storage levels could end up being about 8% below the five-year average of about 3,000 Bcf by the start of winter if net injections continue at 10% below historically average rates through the remainder of the refill season.
The effects of increased drilling for gas are not expected to appear in the form of significantly increased production until after the next heating season, according to the agency's report.
"For now, we are continuing to maintain a conservative view of possible increases in domestic gas production for 2000 and 2001, with assumed increases of 0.5% and 1%, respectively, for this year and next...," the EIA report stated. "On the other hand, the U.S. natural gas rig count on Aug. 25 was at a recent high of 794 rigs. Exploration and production budgets for many natural gas producers are expected to increase sharply in 2000 and 2001, spurred by higher prices and greatly improved current and expected revenues from producing assets. Also on the positive side, data from the Texas Railroad Commission suggest that, through May, year 2000 gas production increased, if only slightly (0.4%). This signifies a turnaround (however modest) in a key producing region. Very high gas drilling rates, including a record-setting pace in deep offshore Gulf of Mexico, confirm that increasingly positive results for domestic gas production are under way."
Imports are projected to rise by about 12% next year primarily because of the 1.35 Bcf/d Alliance Pipeline coming on line next month.
Meanwhile the demand outlook remains bullish at 4.2% annual growth. In 2001, however, the forecast has been revised downward to 2.5% growth because of higher than expected natural gas prices. The industrial sector is the leading sector for demand increases in 2000 at 9.3%, while electric utility demand is expected to decline by 4.0% primarily because of power plant sales. For the power generation sector as a whole, gas demand is expected to grow 6.5% this year and 1.5% in 2001. EIA said the reduced growth rate next year is largely due to the reversal in relative prices of fuel oil and natural gas, which began in August, with fuel oil gaining the price advantage as gas prices continued to rise.
Gas demand this winter is expected to be up by 5.7% compared to last winter if weather is normal. Normal weather implies a 12% rise in heating degree-days compared with last winter.
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