RIK Will Give MMS Gas Market Muscle
With at least 800 MMcf/d and potentially more than 1 Bcf/d of
gas supply to sell, the Minerals Management Service (MMS) will be a
major force in the gas market come October when its Gulf of Mexico
Royalty In-Kind (RIK) pilot program begins. MMS' total royalty
share of Gulf production is 2.5 Bcf/d and it expects at least a
third of that will be taken in kind by next spring.
MMS' Bonn Macy, special assistant to the director of the MMS and
formerly employed by British Petroleum, said buyers already are
scrambling to sign contracts with the government agency.
"There's a new source of gas supply on the market. I've talked
with some big utilities that currently have some large contracts
with marketers and just in a minute they would take 100 MMBtu/d in
one shot," said Macy. "They would rather deal with MMS because they
feel they would get a better deal from us, and they probably would.
There are a number of cost efficiencies. We have very little
overhead doing this. We don't have the costs associated with an
Enron for instance, and we don't have the risks.
"I don't think a lot of people realize we are going to be a
major competitor," he said. "The industry has really been pushing
us to do this, but we could take a lot of business away from
"There are a lot of people signing on now because they know they
will get the gas from us and they can completely bypass the market.
Word has spread fast and [the Government Services Administration's
gas transfer] program is growing exponentially."
He said MMS doesn't expect to be selling the full 800 MMcf/d
right off the bat in October. "We have our toe in now. We have an
alliance with [Texas in the 8(g) production area offshore Texas]
and we're moving some gas volumes (about 50 MMcf/d) there. By
October we'll probably have the whole foot in. By November we'll
probably at least be up to our waist. And by the spring, we'll at
least be at the full 800 MMcf/d. It all depends on how things are
working and what our needs are."
Macy said MMS will focus the pilot on leases and areas of the
Gulf that have the best economics for the program. "I think we'll
probably focus on bringing gas onshore in Louisiana, because of the
concentration there. But we have a number of federal uses in Texas
so we might take some from the western Gulf. Everything is going to
be driven based on operational aspects and what makes economic
sense. [Where we take gas in kind] will be influenced by where the
end-users might be, where we have contracts with pipelines and what
makes the best deal for us."
At least a third (up to 300 MMcf/d) of the royalty gas is
expected to be transferred to government facilities through the
GSA. MMS intends to hold auctions for another significant portion.
The auctions probably will be held during bidweek. Some long-term
supply packages also may be auctioned, probably for the winter
heating season during the November bidweek, said Macy.
Another royalty portion probably will be sold by alliances
between MMS and gas marketers. Although MMS has not had any
negotiations with marketers yet, Macy said he probably will bring
up the issue at MMS' scheduled meeting on the OCS RIK pilot next
week in Houston.
"We would be working together with [marketers] rather than
turning over the gas for them to sell because there are other
issues with that -- one, of course, is then having to audit, which
basically is just shifting the audit burden from the [production]
company to the marketers and that doesn't make sense," he said.
Other restrictions also will limit the way MMS can sell its gas
to buyers. "While contracting with buyers would be an extremely
attractive option for us, we can't use that option the same way
other businesses can because of the competitive bidding requirement
in the OCS Lands Act. We're looking at trying to be able to
negotiate arrangements with end-users while being consistent with
the whole competitive bidding aspect of this. We're beating our
heads against the wall trying to come up with some interesting way
of doing that," he said.
Macy noted the MMS is "not a business" and will operate a lot
differently from other producers and marketers. For example, it
does not intend to hedge any of its royalty gas because it has no
downside price risk and therefore would be engaging in speculation,
something which probably would trigger a great deal of criticism.
In addition, it will not be selling a wide variety of special
contracts and services so it will have very few costs and little
MMS outlined the details of its OCS RIK and its other RIK pilots
in a Federal Register notice this week. On the upstream end, MMS
intends to give lease operators 30-day prior written notice that it
intends to take its royalty share of production in kind. The
operator will then be required to deliver the royalty production in
marketable form, including paying the costs of gathering,
dehydration, compression and possibly other processes required to
provide gas to a typical purchaser. MMS may ask for delivery to a
market point and would then reimburse the producer for the cost of
The RIK provisions require the MMS to sell its royalty share for
not less than "fair market value." MMS intends to accomplish that
in a number of ways. "We need to know what price gas at the lease
has sold for so we can go back and check and say 'yes we made fair
market value,'" said Macy. As a result MMS still will require some
price data from leasees. "We don't need the data concurrently. We
don't even need it months later. We can go every six months. While
we're trying to diminish the reporting aspects of this, to show
that it can work we do need some price checks to know how we're
doing, to know if this is a viable option for the federal
government going forward. There won't be any additional price
information required. It will be basically the same prices they
report now only on a less frequent basis and those prices aren't
going to be used for auditing down the road."
MMS intends to judge its performance based on prices of gas sold
from the lease by the leaseholder, prices for gas sold at other
nearby leases and based on some economic modeling using published
index prices, such as those reported by NGI.
MMS' first experience with a gas RIK in 1995 was not very
positive because the agency actually lost money when compared with
the traditional method of collecting royalties. "Certainly MMS has
learned lessons. I think we lost a little money in the pilot in
1995 but I think it was a successful pilot because it did what a
pilot is supposed to do: teach us. We learned about contracting. We
learned about pipelines. One of the issues we certainly learned
from was dealing with nonjurisdictional pipelines. Various people
that bought the production got screwed. We now have the ability to
direct the operator to deliver their production to us on shore.
We're going to examine the economics of that..
"I'm pretty optimistic. I think we've gone a pretty good
distance in the last couple years, and I think we know what to
expect. We just need to get market value," said Macy. "There are a
lot of advantages that we have that I think will be attractive to
[the market] and will provide us with a respectable return."
MMS has scheduled a meeting on the OCS RIK pilot for 10 a.m. on
July 20 at the MMS Houston Compliance Division Office RM 104, 4141
Sam Houston Parkway East. It is open to the public without
reservation. Lessees, operators, payers and potential purchasers
are encouraged to attend.